Pajamas or pyjamas, often shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can make reference to many linked types of clothing originating in the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are free-fitting garments derived from the initial garment and worn chiefly for sleeping,[1] but often also for lounging,[two] also by both of those sexes.[three] More usually, pajamas could confer with various clothes, for both of those daywear and nightwear, derived from common pajamas and involving variations of style and product.

The term pyjama [four] was borrowed c. 1800 within the Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), alone borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'.[five][6] The initial pyjāmā are free, lightweight trousers fitted with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans in the course of East India Organization rule in India.[7][8]

The throughout the world utilization of pajamas (the word and also the garment) is the result of adoption by British colonists in India in the 18th and nineteenth generations, as well as British affect on the broader Western planet in the course of the Victorian era. Pajamas had been released to England as "lounging apparel" as early since the seventeenth century, then called mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) However they quickly fell out of fashion. The term pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the 1st 50 percent on the nineteenth century. They did not turn into a manner in Britain plus the Western planet as sleeping attire for guys right up until the Victorian time period, from about 1870.[9]

Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Words and phrases and Phrases (1886) summarizes the condition of usage at the time (s.v. "pyjammas"):

This kind of garment is utilized by numerous folks in India e.g. by Gals of varied classes, by Sikh men, and many by Mohammedans of the two sexes. It was adopted with the Mohammedans by Europeans as an article of dishabille and of night time attire, and is synonymous with Very long Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It truly is probable that we English took the practice just like a good quite a few Other folks in the Portuguese. So Pyrard (c. 1610) claims, in speaking of Goa Medical center: "Ils ont power calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The term is currently Employed in London stores. A friend furnishes the next reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Street, some on forty many years back, in reply to an issue why pyjammas experienced ft sewn on to them (as was sometimes the situation with those furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I feel, Sir, it's due to White Ants."[10]


Standard pajamas encompass a jacket-and-pants mix manufactured from soft material, which include flannel or lightweight cotton.[eleven] The jacket component ordinarily includes a placket entrance and its sleeves have no cuffs.[twelve] Lots of people prefer to sleep or lounge in just the pajama trousers, either by using a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. For this reason, pajama trousers for guys and boys tend to be marketed as separates.

In colloquial speech, these traditional pajamas are sometimes termed PJs, jim jams, or jammies.[13] In South Asia and South Africa, they are occasionally generally known as night fits.

Some pajamas feature a drop seat (often called a trap door or butt flap): a buttoned opening from the seat, designed to allow the wearer to conveniently utilize a rest room. Drop seats have been quite common on pajamas made prior to the fifties, but in the early twenty-1st century They are really instead unusual.

Contemporary pajamas are derived from classic pajamas. There are plenty of variations in design for instance shorter sleeve pajamas,[14] pajama bottoms[15] of various size,[sixteen] or, on occasion, 1-piece pajamas,[17] and pajamas incorporating a variety of products. Mainly within the US, stretch-knit rest attire with rib-knit trimmings are prevalent. Ordinarily worn by children, these garments frequently have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if a single-piece), and may additionally be footed.

While pajamas tend to be distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping clothes such as nightgowns, within the US, they've often muske pidzame provided the latter for a top rated. Babydoll pyjamas Have got a style of shorter costume major around shorts or short trousers.[eighteen]

Pajamas may perhaps now refer to women's combination daywear, specifically in the US where they turned preferred during the early twentieth century, consisting of shorter-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and light-weight trousers. Samples of these incorporate capri pajamas, Seaside pajamas, and hostess pajamas.[19]

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